Research & Scholarly Achievement
at Gallaudet University

Education

The Department of Education engages in research and innovation in teaching and learning contexts with an eye to the kind of intellectual, linguistic, and social development that is optimal and which is congruent with the strengths inherent in Deaf and hard of hearing learners as human beings and who are by nature visually-inclined.


Scholarship and creative activity

2016

Batamula, C., Mitchiner, J., Kite, B.J., Keith, C. (2016,March). Family Language Policy & Planning: How to develop a visible language plan for your family? Presented at the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Conference. San Diego, CA.

Batamula, C., Graham, P., Scarboro-Hensley, J. (2016, March). 100 Languages of All Children: Empowering Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children to Express Themselves. Presented at the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Conference. San Diego, CA.

2017

Mitchiner, J. (2017, April). Project-Based Studies with Young children. Presented at 2017 Early Childhood Education Summit, Rochester, NY.

Mitchiner, J. & Gough, M. (2017). Supporting deaf and hard of hearing preschool students' emerging ASL skills: A Bilingual approach. Odyssey: New Directions in Deaf Education, 18 (1), p. 32-36.

Mitchiner, J. (2016). Taube Eltern CI-Implantierter Kinder und ihre Vorstellungen zum bimodalen Bilingualismus (Teil I). [Deaf Parents of Cochlear Implanted Children: Beliefs on Bimodal Bilingualism] In: DAS Zeitschrift fur Sprach und Kultur Gehorloser, Nr. 103., S.282-296.

Mitchiner, J., Garate, M., Reisnaur, M., Batamula, C., & Kite, B. (2017, April). Family Language Policy and Planning: ASL and English Bilingual Approach. Presentation at 2017 Early Childhood Education Summit, Rochester, NY.

2017

Neid. R. (2017, June). Deaf learners with autism. Workhop conducted at Kansas School for the Deaf, Olathe, KS.

Appanah, T. & Neild, R. (Summer 2017). Preparing pre-service teachers for family collaboration. Presentation at the Marymount University Internation Conference, Arlington, VA.

Arnett, S., Fitzpatrick, M. & Theoharis, R. (2016). Foundations of Special Education: Understanding Students with Exceptionalities (2nd ed.). Dubuque, IA: Kendal Hunt.

Neild, R. & Appanah, T. (2017,Summer). Encouraging pre-service teachers to reflect and set goals. Presentation at the Marymount University International Conference, Arlington, VA.

Neid. R. (2017, April). Strategies for teaching deaf learners with autism. Workhop conducted at the meeting of the Washington State Regional Center, Seattle, WA.

Fitzpatrick, M., & Neild, R. (2016). Assistive technology in the classroom: Benefits deaf and hard of hearing students. Odyssey-Extr. Retreived from https://www.gallaudet.edu/Documents/Clerc/Odyssey/2016_issue/ODYSSEY_EXTRA_2015-2016_Fitzpatrick_Neild_FINAL.pdf.

2017

Kite, B.J. (2016) Collaboration with Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education: Dispelling Myths of Language Acquisition, Online Moderator 2016 Retrieved from http://clerccenteronline.ning.com/topic-interest-groups/inaugurationeventmythsoflanguageaquisition/who-s-who

2017

Kite, B.J. (2017) Family Language Planning in American Sign Language and English Families. Workshop Presentation. Assessing a Deaf Child's ASL, Gallaudet University, Washington, D.C., June 22 – 24.

2018

Neild, R. & Appanah, T. (2018, July). Practical Strategies for Families and Educators of Deaf Learners with Autism. Presented at Texas Statewide Conference on Education: 18th Biennial, Grapevine, TX.

2018

Batamula, C., Pudans-Smith, K. (October, 2017). Examining Language and Access for Deaf in Central Tanzania. International Journal of Education and Science, 4(9), 20-28.

Graham, P., Batamula, C., Horejes, T. (March 2018). Using Collaborative Data Collections to Strengthen IEP Discourse. Presented at the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Conference. Denver, CO.

Graham, P., Batamula, C. (March 2018). Strengthening Vocabulary Use Through Dialogues. Presented at the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Conference. Denver, CO.

Batamula, C. Mitchiner, J., Kite, B.J. (March 2018). More Than Words: The Hundred Languages of Deaf Children. Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Conference. Denver, CO.

2018

Yuknis, C. (2018). Transforming instruction through universal design for learning. The Reformer, May, 85-93.

2018

Yuknis, C. & Bernstein, E. R. (2017). Supporting students with non-disclosed disabilities--A collective and humanizing approach. In K. Aquino & E. Kim (Eds.), Disability as Diversity in Higher Education: Policies and Practices to Enhance Student Success (pp. 1 – 11). New York: Routledge.

2018

Yuknis, C., Everette, M., Musiowsky, T., & Ende, F. (2018, March). Igniting your advocacy through writing. Presentation presented at the ASCD Annual Conference in Boston, MA.

2018

Mitchiner, J. & Lytle, L. (2018). A positive perspective: Preparing professionals to work with deaf and hard of hearing infants, toddlers, and their families. The Odyssey, 19, 10-14.

2018

Gárate-Estes, M. (2018) Educación bilingüe para el niño sordo: Bases teóricas y metodología. [Bilingual education for Deaf children: Theoretical bases and methodologies]. In Castillero & Gárate-Estes (Eds.) Maximizando el Potencial de los Niños, Jóvenes, y Adultos Sordo. Panamá City, Panamá: Editorial Fuga.

Castillero, A. & Gárate-Estes, M. (Eds.) (2018). Maximizando el Potencial de los Niños, Jóvenes y Adultos Sordos. Panamá City, Panamá: Editorial Fuga.

Gárate-Estes, M. (2018) Facilitando la adquisición de la lengua de señas en el salón de clases. [Promoting sign language acquisition in the classroom]. In Castillero & Gárate-Estes (Eds.) Maximizando el Potencial de los Niños, Jóvenes, y Adultos Sordo. Panamá City, Panamá: Editorial Fuga.

Gárate-Estes, M. (2018, April). Opening our minds by examining our beliefs. Keynote address at the Early Childhood Education Summit IX, Washington, DC.

Gárate-Estes, M. (2018, June). Estrategias de lecto-escritura con alumnos sordos [Reading and writing strategies for deaf students] Five-day workshop for teachers at the 14th Seminario Modelo Educativo Bilingüe: Señalees CDMX, México. June 2018.

2017

Yuknis, C., Santini, J. & Appanah, T. (April 2017). Support of Deaf Students – And All Students, Educational Leadership,74(7), 68-72.

Neild, R. & Appanah, T. (Summer 2017). Encouraging pre-service teachers to reflect and set goals. Presentation at the Marymount University International Conference, Arlington, VA.

Appanah, T. (November 2016). Writing Instruction for Deaf Students. A presentation for teachers, Texas School for the Deaf, Austin, TX,

Appanah, T. & Keith, C. (Spring 2017). Developing Family Collaboration in Pre-Service Teachers. ACE-DHH Conference, San Antonio, TX

Appanah, T. (2017) Writing Development in Children with Hearing Loss, Dyslexia, or Oral Language Problems: Implications for Assessment and Instruction Barbara Arfé, Julie Dockrell, and Virginia Berninger (Eds) (2014) New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 356 ISBN 978-0-19-982728-2.

Appanah T. (November 2016). Assessing Student Writing: Portfolio Development. A presentation for leadership, Louisiana School for the Deaf, Baton Rouge, LA.

Appanah, T. & Neild, R. (Summer 2017). Preparing pre-service teachers for family collaboration. Presentation at the Marymount University International Conference, Arlington, VA.

2018

De Avacedo Fronza, C.; Gerner de Garcia, B.A. & Karnopp, L.B. (In press). Literacy of the deaf in Brazil. Chapter in J. Andrews & Q. Wang (Eds.) Multiple Paths to Become Literate: International Perspectives in Deaf Education. Washington, DC. Gallaudet Press.

2018

Gerner de García, B.A.(2017). Advocating for the Language Rights of Immigrant DHH Students. Presented at the Breaking Barriers: 5th Biennial Conference. Council de Manos. Marino del Rey, CA.

2013

Sydlowski, S. A., Levy, M., Hanks, W. D., Clark, M. D., & Ackley, R. S. (2013). Auditory profile in superficial Siderosis of the Central Nervous System: A prospective study. Otology and Neurotology, 34, 611-619.

Baker-Ward, L., Brown, B., & Clark, M. D. (2013, April). Childhood memories of hearing and Deaf college students: Influences of language modality and timing of ASL acquisition. Presented at the meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Seattle, WA.

McQuarrie, L., Enns, C., Zimmer, K., Henner, J., Baker, S., & Clark, M. D. (2013, February). American Sign Language assessment tools: A "sign of the times". Panel presented at the meeting of the Association of College Educators for Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Santa Fe, NM.

Clark, M. D. (2013, May ). Symposium on early language and literacy in Deaf individuals. Presented at the meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Seattle, WA.

2014

Crume, P., Baker, S., & Clark, M. D. (2014, February). The ABCs of language (sign language). Presented at the meeting of the Association of College Educators of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Washington, DC.

Joharchi, H., & Clark, M. D. (2014). A glimpse at American Deaf women's sexuality. Psychology, 5(13).

Clark, M. D., & Herzig, M. (November, 2013). Research updates from VL2. Keynote address presented at the American Sign Language Roundtable, Newark, DE.

Clark, M. D., & Allen, T. E. (November 2013). Parental perceptions of academic competence: Predictor of Deaf children's pre-emergent literacy? Presented at the meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Toronto, Canada.

Clark, M. D., & Joharchi, H. (2014, April). Human sexuality and middle adulthood: Deaf women's satisfaction with intimate relationships. Presented at the meeting of the Association for Women Psychologists, Cinncinati, OH.

2017

Kite, B.J. (2017) Family Language Planning- What's the Best Fit for your Family? Keynote Presentation. Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf, Pittsburgh, PA, March 25.

2016

Appanah, T. (2015, October). Developing Family Collaboration in Pre-Service Teadhers. Presented at the Multicultural Advanced Institute Mini Conference, Gallaudet University,Washington Dc.

2017

Kite, B.J. (2017) . Family Language Planning in American Sign Language and English Families. Workshop Presentation. Assessing a Deaf Child's ASL, Gallaudet University, Washington, D.C., June 22 – 24.

Garate, M., Batamula, C., & Kite, B.J. (2016). Deaf Education. In Oxford Bibliographies in Education. Ed. Luanna Meyer. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kite, B.J. (2017). Family Language Planning- What's the Best Fit for your Family? Keynote Presentation. Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf, Pittsburgh, PA, March 25.

Kite, B.J. (2016). Collaboration with Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education: Dispelling Myths of Language Acquisition, Online Moderator 2016 Retrieved from http://clerccenteronline.ning.com/topic-interest-groups/inaugurationeventmythsoflanguageaquisition/who-s-who.

2011

Mertens, D. M. & Mager, V. (2010, October). Gender and transformative evaluation. Presented at the Evaluation Conclave, New Delhi, India.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, September). Credibility of research evidence from a transformative stance. Videoconference presentation at the Building Research Capacity Seminar, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Mertens, D. M., Harris, R., & MacGlaughlin, H. (2010). Bringing a cultural lens to research with disability and Deaf communities. The Community Psychologist, 43(4), pp. 11-13.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, June). Mixed methods contribution to social change. Presentation at the International Mixed Methods conference, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, April). The challenges surrounding creating a research project. Invited presentation at the Association of College & Research Libraries, Philadelphia, PA.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, April). What is the difference between traditional and transformative research? Research colloquium at Bridgewater State University, Bridgewater, MA.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, December). The evaluator's professional growth path. Presentation at the Washington Evaluator's meeting, Washington, DC.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, October). Linking Aboriginal health research with social justice goals. Aboriginal Health Education and Research Unit, Geraldton, Australia.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, September). Transformative research with the disability community. Presentation at Victoria University, Pipitea Campus, Wellington New Zealand.

Mertens, D. M. & Bledsoe, K. (2011, June). Transformative mixed methods evaluation. Invited presentation at the American Evaluation Association and Centers for Disease Control annual evaluation conference in Atlanta, GA.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, April). Mixed methods in evaluation: Theories and approaches. Invited presentation at the Evaluation Curriculum group meeting in Hyderabad, India.

Mertens, D. M. (2011). Publishing mixed methods research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 5(1), p. 3-6.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, April). Research and social transformation. Research colloquium at Bridgewater State University, Bridgewater, MA.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, October). Context matters in social justice research. Presentation to the Faculty of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, May). The ethics of transformational research. Presentation at the Vaal University of Technology, Vanderbijlpark South Africa.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, July). UNIFEM/IPEN transformative mixed methods evaluation. Workshop presented in Almaty, Kazakhstan for UN Women.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, May). Publishing mixed methods research. Presentation at the Vaal University of Technology, Vanderbijlpark South Africa.

Mertens, D. M., Sullivan, M., & Stace, H. (2011). Disability communities: Transformative research and social justice. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.) Handbook of qualitative research, 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, September). Social transformation and research. Presentation at the NGA̅ PAE O TE MA̅RAMATANGA Seminar at the University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, June). Evaluation of poverty reduction programs in Sri Lanka. Invited presentation at the Centre for Poverty Analysis, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Mertens, D. M. (2010). Social transformation and evaluation. Evaluation Journal of Australasia, 10(2), pp. 3-10.

Mertens, D. M. (2011). Mixed methods as tools for social change. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1-3.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, June). Current issues in mixed methods research. Plenary presentation at the International Mixed Methods conference, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, November). Transformative lens applied to gender focused evaluation. Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Evaluation Association, San Antonio, TX.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, September). Introduction to transformative research [Lecture]. Massey University Graduate School, Palmerston University, New Zealand.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, October). Linking evaluation and social justice. Presented as part of the Australasian Evaluation Society's Professional Development Programme in Melbourne, Brisbane, and Perth, Australia.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, June). Methodological guidance in evaluation for social justice. Invited presentation at the Sri Lanka Evaluation Association's annual meeting, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Mertens, D. M. & Solomon, C. (2010, October). Transformative evaluation mixed methods. Presented at The Evaluation Conclave, New Delhi, India.

Mertens, D. M. (2010, September). Disability research and social transformation. Presentation at the Donald Beasley Research Institute, Dunedin, New Zealand.

2012

Mertens, D. M. (2012). Professionalization of evaluation for the challenges in modern societies. Presented at the conference for The Future of Evaluation in Modern Societies, Centrum fur Evaluation, Saarland University, Saarbrucken, Germany.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, July). Ethics and designing educational research. Presented at the University College, Cork, Ireland.

Mertens, D. M. (2012). Program evaluation without a client: The case of the disappearing intended users. Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, 25(3), 47-57.

Munger, K., & Mertens, D. M. (2011). Conducting research with the disability community: A rights based approach. In T. S. Rocco (Ed.), Challenging ableism, understanding disability, including adults with disabilities in workplaces and learning spaces (pp. 23-34). San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, June). Mixed methods program evaluation designs. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association and Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, February). Human rights and foreign language research. Presented for Foreign Language Department research seminar, Universidad de Pamplona, Colombia.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, May). Ethics of use for qualitative research as a global endeavor. Presented at the International Congress on Qualitative Inquiry, Champaign/Urbana, IL.

Mertens, D. M., Sullivan, M., & Stace, H. (2011). Transformative research in the disability community. In N. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, July). Contributions of indigenous researchers to quality in research. Presented at the meeting of the International Sociological Association, Sydney, Australia.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, May). Navigating the terrain of social justice: Multiple voices in mixed methods research. Keynote address at the International Congress on Qualitative Inquiry, Champaign/Urbana, IL.

Mertens, D. M. (2012). Philosophical, theoretical, and methodological stances in program evaluation. Presented at the conference for Teaching Evaluation in South Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, August). Evaluation paradigms, theories, and approaches. Presented at the conference for Teaching Evaluation in South Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, July). Goodness of fit: Framing and designing educational research [Lecture]. Summer school for Education and Social Science Researchers, University College, Cork, Ireland.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, January). Rights and responsibilities in development evaluation: A transformative view. Presented at a panel at the meeting of the African Evaluation Association, Ghana, Africa.

Mertens, D. M. (2012). Social transformation and evaluation. In M. Alkin (Ed.), Roots (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, February). Human rights and transformative mixed methods research in education. Presented for the Georgia State University College of Education Research Series, Atlanta, GA.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, January). Feminist perspectives in development evaluation. Presented at the African Evaluation Association conference, Ghana, Africa.

Mertens, D. M. & Wilson, A. T. (2012). Program evaluation theory and practice: A comprehensive guide. New York, NY: Guilford.

Mertens, D. M. (2011). Integrating pathways: Research and policy making in pursuit of social justice. International Review of Qualitative Research, 4(2),149-170.

Mertens, D.M. & Freshwater, Dawn. (2012, June). Training for reviewers of mixed methods research. Presented at the International Mixed Methods Conference, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, November). Application of the AEA public statement on cultural competence in evaluation: Examples from projects in the Deaf community. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association, Anaheim, CA.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, November). Differences in viewpoints with regard to the purpose of an evaluation when stakeholders know the funded program is ending. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association, Anaheim, CA.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, August). Mixed methods research in the service of social justice. Plenary address at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, October). Linking social justice and program evaluation. Keynote address at the meeting of the Oregon Program Evaluation Network, Portland, OR.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, September). Transformative research with the disability community. Presented at the Rehabilitation International Arab Region Conference, Doha, Qatar.

Mertens, D. M. (2012). When human rights is the starting point for evaluation. In M. Segone (Ed.), Evaluation for equity: Fostering human rights and development results. New York, NY: United Nations.

Mertens, D. M. (2012). Ethics and social justice in ethnocultural qualitative research. In D. K. Nagata, L. P. Kohn-Wood, & L. A. Suzuki (Eds.), Qualitative strategies for ethnocultural research. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Mertens, D. M. & Bledsoe, K. (2011, November). Transformative mixed methods in evaluation. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association, Anaheim, CA.

Mertens, D. M. (2011, October). Poverty, human rights and transformative research. Keynote address at the Building Solutions to Poverty: Methods and Metrics for Identifying Success Conference, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Mertens, D. M. (2012). Ethics in qualitative research in education and social sciences. In S. D. Lapan, M. T. Quartaroli, & F. J. Riemer (Eds.), Qualitative research: An introduction to methods and designs (pp. 19-40). San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, January). Methodological guidance in evaluation for social justice. Presented at the Webinar on Equity Focused Evaluation.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, June). Culture and context in mixed methods research. Plenary speech at the the International Mixed Methods Conference, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Mertens, D. M. & Freshwater, D. (2012, June). Publishing in the Journal of Mixed Methods Research. Presented at the International Mixed Methods Conference, Leeds, United Kingdom.

2013

Mertens, D. M., Cram, F., & Chilisa, B. (Eds.). (2013). Indigenous researchers' journeys. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Mertens, D. M., & Stewart, N. (2013). The feminist practice of program evaluation. In S. Hesse-Biber (Ed.), Feminist research practice ( 2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Mertens, D. M. (2013). What does a transformative lens bring to credible evidence? New Directions in Evaluation, 138, 27-36.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, October). When human rights is the starting point for evaluation. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association, Minneapolis, MN.

Mertens, D. M. (2013, May). Ethical issues of interviewing members of marginalized communities outside academia. Presented at the meeting of the International Congress on Qualitative Inquiry, Champaign-Urbana, IL.

Mertens, D. M. (2013, May). Indigenous pathways into social research: An overview. Presented at the meeting of the International Congress on Qualitative Inquiry, Champaign-Urbana, IL.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, October). Social justice theorists grow stronger every day. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association, Minneapolis, MN.

Mertens, D. M., & Hesse-Biber, S. (2013). Mixed methods and credibility of evidence in evaluation. New Directions in Evaluation, 138, 5-14.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, October). Evaluation 101. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association, Minneapolis, MN.

Mertens, D. M. (2013, August). Addressing human rights challenges in program evaluation. Presented at Encompass, Rockville, MD.

Mertens, D. M. (2013, March). Mixed methods in evaluation and policy research. Presented at the University of Warsaw, Academy of Evaluation, Warsaw, Poland.

Mertens, D. M., Campbell, P., & Jolly, E. (2012, October). Using environmental scans to increase the validity of evaluations with diverse populations. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association, Minneapolis, MN.

Mertens, D. M., & Solomon, C. (2013, February). Transformative evaluation. Presented at the meeting of the Evaluation Conclave, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Mertens, D. M. (2012). Program evaluation without a client: The case of the disappearing intended users. Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, 25(3), 47-57.

Mertens, D. M. (2013, July). Evaluation questions matched to methods: Step back and reflect. Presented at the Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA.

Mertens, D. M. (2012, October). Evaluation theory branches or ocean currents. Presented at the meeting of the American Evaluation Association, Minneapolis, MN.

Mertens, D. M. (2013, July). Mixed methods in evaluation: Enhancing effectiveness of corporate investment. Presented in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Mertens, D. M. (2013). Mixed methods. In A. Trainor & E. Graue (Eds.), Reviewing qualitative research in the social sciences (pp. 139-150). New York, NY: Routledge.

Mertens, D. M. (2013, April). Transformative paradigm and research in nursing the health professions. Presented at the College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA.

Mertens, D. M., & Heather, Z. (2013, April). A transformative framework for culturally responsive evaluations. Presented at the meeting of the Center for Responsive Evaluation and Assessment, Chicago, IL.

Mertens, D. M. (2012). Transformative mixed methods: Addressing inequities. American Behavioral Scientist, 56(6), 802-813.

Mertens, D. M. (2013, May). Transformative mixed methods as a tool to address complexity associated with inequity. Presented at the meeting of the International Congress on Qualitative Inquiry, Champaign-Urbana, IL.

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